Having done a bit of research, I came up with the following rough design and list of equipment. This build involves use of the MeteoBridge opensource project and off the shelf hardware from TP-Link and AcuRite.
AcuRite Pro 5-in-1 Weather Station (model 1035P)
Description: This is the weather sensor pod and the monitoring downlink station that communicate wirelessly to each other. Sensor pod is battery power with a solar backup.
12V AGM Battery
Description: Used as primary power source for all equipment. This battery is kept charged by 100W solar panel. A smaller AGM 20 ah battery should work well. It needs to fit in the equipment enclosure.
100W Solar Panel
Description: A durable polycrystalline 100W solar panel with durable frame and mounting brackets will keep the battery charged.
20A Solar Charger / Controller
Description: Used to controller charging of the battery and regulation of power feed. Can run 24 hours a day or during daylight hours only. Most controllers come with basic status display and USB ports.
12V to 5V converter
Description: Used to deliver 5V power based on 12V feed out of the solar controller.
TP-Link Wireless Router
Description: Wireless router is flashed with the Meteobridge OS. This OS has basic networking functionality, takes the weather data in from the weather station equipment, and then uploads the weather data to a weather network like WunderGround.
3G LTE Rocket USB Rocket Modem
Description: Small low power USB modem that will take a Verizon or T-Mobile SIM card and provide access to a 3G data network.
Weather proof enclosure
Description: Durable plastic or fiberglass box with a swing door and a lockable hasp. Cable pass-through grommets can be used to feed cables in and out of the box and keep it nice and dry.
Wireless Surveillance Camera
Description: Wireless camera that can periodically upload still images to the web (via the Meteobridge OS). It should provide good day/night performance and ideally have a surveillance motion-sensor capability.
OK – those are the major components. In the next article in this series I’ll go over how everything is wired up.